An Oriental rug is Hand woven and varies in quality. Quality is generally determined by the wool, intricacy of design, and knot density. Wool quality is defined by the length of its fibers, springiness, and luster. Today, the wool used in Hand knotted Oriental rugs either originates exclusively from the country of origin or is a blend of indigenous and imported wool. Intricacy of design refers to the degree of detail a design possesses as well as to the number of different colors needed to execute the pattern. The more complex the design, the more experienced the craftsman must be to weave the pattern. Finally, knot density and fineness of weave are synonymous. The more knots tied per square inch, the finer the detail in the design and the more labor-intensive the production. The art of carpet weaving existed in Iran in ancient times, according to evidence such as the year-old Pazyryk carpet, dating back to B.
How to Tell the Age of a Persian Carpet
The green corner medallions covered with floral motifs and bird figures decorate the Four Corners of the carpet. The main border of the carpet is decorated with some cartouches inscribed with some poems in relief and brocaded with metallic threads. Between the cartouches some roundels covered with arabesques and animal ans bird figures can be seen the poems of the main border translates as following. PILE: Silk.
Fragments of pile rugs from findspots in north-eastern Afghanistan, reportedly originating from the province of Samangan, have been carbon dated to a time.
Let Gijs Hamming and Richard Ebbers, our oriental rug experts guide you. Find out more:.
THE HISTORY OF ORIENTAL RUGS
Specialist Louise Broadhurst advises on everything from the identification of natural dyes to finding the right setting on your vacuum cleaner. Keen Persian rug collectors included Cornelius Vanderbilt and Sigmund Freud, who kept a rug draped over the couch on which his clients would sit. Antique Oriental rugs were woven on a traditional loom with strands of cotton, silk or wool, called warps, stretched vertically between two wooden horizontal beams.
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Navajo Rug Appraisal Co. When one encounters dates that are woven into the fields or end borders of Oriental rugs, it should be noted that these dates are generally unreliable. There are several reasons for this:. In the past as is the case today, Oriental rugs were often woven by people who were uneducated and illiterate. Someone may have drawn the date for the rug weaver to copy, and that person may have been only barely literate.
It is common to see Arabic numerals reversed, woven upside down, or so distorted as to make the date unreadable when woven into an Oriental rug. Sometimes there is not even the intention of weaving a translatable date but the numerals are added into the weaving of the rug only as a design element – much like Kufic script.
The Story of Nichols Rugs
Dates are sometimes woven into the end borders or fields of Oriental carpets, usually using Arabic calligraphy find out about signatures and inscriptions in Oriental rugs. Usually a date in a rug can be taken at face value, but not always. In the past, rugs were often woven by individuals who were functionally illiterate.
Today, it’s most closely associated with Iran. The oldest known carpet from the world is a Persian rug dating back to the 5th century BC. From the outset, Persian.
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Oriental Rug Glossary
Persian rugs also are Oriental rugs but they are made only in Iran, which formerly was known as Persia. Characteristics of a Persian rug include an unusually thick pile up to knots per square inch , bold color combinations, unique designs and a very distinct knot. Persian carpets are traditionally known for their tremendous variety in design, color, size, and weave. Their handmade qualities and unique weaving process make every rug a one of a kind work of art.
The rugs are generally named after the village, town or tribe where the carpet was woven or collected. The art of carpet weaving existed in Iran in ancient times, according to evidences and in the opinion of scientists, the B.
Since there are fake antique and Art Deco examples, knowing Chinese rug history is important. Just as you would need to research Persian rugs.
The age of a rug is one of the critical points in determining the value of a rug. But determining how old a specific rug might be, is also one of the most difficult skills to acquire for the rug enthusiast. Older antique rugs might show some evidence of wear. The back of the rug offers a better opportunity to determine age.
Newer modern rugs will feel fuzzy on the back since their yarns still possess their fibrous surface. As a rug ages, even if walked on carefully, the underside will become polished or abraded through pressure and friction, diminishing the fuzzy or hairy texture. Very old rugs will feel gritty, sandy, or even smooth on the back. A fine rug that looks tightly woven, but that still feels somewhat floppy or supple, is probably old, since even tightly woven rugs become supple with time.
Collecting Guide: Oriental rugs and carpets
The best way to learn how is to get out there and experience as many rugs as possible to learn to spot the differences. Listen or read more to find out how experts age a rug. Hi, Sam. Sam, what determines if a rug is an antique rug? Some of my colleagues think 75 years is enough to be an antique, I think a hundred is where I think the majority of people come down as far as age for a rug to be truly what we call an antique rug.
Then, semi-antique would fit in that criteria probably anywhere from about 50 to a hundred — that year-old would be a semi-antique or pretty darn close, but not quite there.
Generally composed of traditional Chinese symbols, Chinese carpets have a subtle shade of color. Perfect to bring to a living room or bedroom a touch of.
Antique rugs are not only unique when you install them in your home, they also have a lot of value. In most cases they cost several times the cost of contemporary oriental rugs. They are characterized by unique and high-quality designs. Due to the high costs that they come with, you should be keen and ensure that you buy the right ones. To help you out, here are the areas that you should focus on:. Weavers of antique oriental rugs used to weave the dates that they completed weaving in the rugs.
The dating was made according to the Moslem calendar. You have to translate the date to your system or ask someone to help you out. Some unscrupulous businessmen might alter the date to give the impression that the rug is old. Most of the ancient oriental rugs are Keleys as they were made to fit the layout of ancient homes.
As you know, ancient rugs were made in Persia. This means that any other rug made from a different country is not antique. In you have been doing your research you must have come across rugs that resemble antique Persian rugs , but they are made in Pakistan. You should also stay away from rugs made in India and China as they are all modern.
Houston’s Premier Oriental Rug Gallery and Showroom
Consequently, Persian carpets are usually considered as ones originating from these regions. Age is a determinant of value, and sellers use techniques to simulate it, so what may appear to be an antique may, on closer inspection, turn out to be far from it. If you suspect your carpet to be older than 50 years — which is the usual definition of an antique — examining a variety of characteristics can confirm this.
Determine the carpet’s style by consulting an encyclopedia of Persian carpets. Knowing the style can help determine age, because some — such as Qum or white Kashan — have been made only since
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